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[e-drug] July issue of the WHO Bulletin

E-DRUG: July issue of the WHO Bulletin
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http://www.who.int/bulletin/en/
Volume 85, Number 7, July 2007, 501-568

Dear Reader, 
 
the July issue of the Bulletin welcomes contributions to two theme
issues to be published in 2008: one on childhood pneumonia and the other
on ethics in public health. Brian M Greenwood et al. write that very
little research has been done on childhood pneumonia, apart from trials
of pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccines. In
another editorial, Carl H Coleman et al. discuss how the ethics theme
issue should help policy-makers incorporate ethics into health policies.
 
Claire Keeton reports from South Africa on innovative programmes that
are helping men to change violent and sexist behaviour that harms the
health and well-being of women and the communities in which they live.
May Meleigy writes that the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has set a trend
for controlling malaria in WHO's Eastern Mediterranean Region and
describes how other countries are making progress, despite pockets of
resistance. In this month's interview, Director Robert Ridley talks
about the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical
Diseases (TDR). 
 
Angela Oloo Akumu et al. found that the Hib vaccine was highly effective
after it was introduced into routine immunization services in Kenya in
2001, but that cutting the vaccine's price would provide greater
incentives for governments to broaden coverage. Julie Balen et al.
estimated the prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum in human and buffalo
populations in China's Dongting Lake region using national data from the
periodic epidemiological survey of 2004. 
 
Carlos Augusto Monteiro et al. evaluated smoking indicators in the adult
population and found that that the prevalence of smoking had fallen from
34% in 1989 to 22.4% in 2003. Nigel Bruce et al. evaluated methods used
in the first randomized exposure study of pollution indoors and
respiratory effects (RESPIRE), a controlled trial testing the impact of
reduced indoor air pollution on acute lower respiratory infections among
children aged 18 months or younger in rural Guatemala. 
 
A global effort is under way to eliminate the parasitic disease
lymphatic filariasis. Patrick Lammie et al. discuss the methods used to
control the disease, in particular fortifying salt with
diethylcarbamazine (DEC) as a safe, low-cost and effective strategy to
eliminate transmission of lymphatic filariasis. 
 
Kevin Miles et al. argue that the use of non-medical staff should be
considered when rolling out antiretroviral therapy (ART), taking the
experience of Botswana as an example. Henk van Berg et al. evaluate a
project that uses farmer field schools to teach farmers how to manage
vector-borne diseases and to improve rice yields. Joseph Kwong-Leung Yu
et al. describe how clinical staff at four facilities in Malawi
attempted to trace patients who were lost to follow up after they
started ART. 
 
A large group of donor and recipient countries, international
organizations and civil society organizations agreed, in the Paris
Declaration of March 2005, for the first time to set targets for aid
effectiveness and indicators to measure progress. Nicolaus Lorenz argues
that with more than 70 global health partnerships in existence today,
the need for these partnerships to work effectively is all the more
pressing. 
 
EDITORIALS
Childhood pneumonia - preventing the world's biggest killer of children
- Brian M Greenwood et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.07.044032

How should ethics be incorporated into public health policy and
practice?
- Carl H Coleman et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.07.044040

NEWS

Changing men's behaviour can improve women's health

The quest to be free of malaria

WHO News
Recent news from WHO

Applying science to the diseases of poverty

RESEARCH
Economic evaluation of delivering Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine
in routine immunization services in Kenya
- Angela Oloo Akumu et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.06.034686

Prevalence, intensity and associated morbidity of Schistosoma japonicum
infection in the Dongting Lake region, China
- Julie Balen et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.06.034033

Population-based evidence of a strong decline in the prevalence of
smokers in Brazil (1989-2003)
- Carlos Augusto Monteiro et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.06.039073

Pneumonia case-finding in the RESPIRE Guatemala indoor air pollution
trial: standardizing methods for resource-poor settings
- Nigel Bruce et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.06.035832

POLICY AND PRACTICE
Unfulfilled potential: using diethylcarbamazine-fortified salt to
eliminate lymphatic filariasis
- Patrick Lammie et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.06.034108

LESSONS FROM THE FIELD
True outcomes for patients on antiretroviral therapy who are "lost to
follow-up" in Malawi
- Joseph Kwong-Leung Yu et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.06.037739

Antiretroviral treatment roll-out in a resource-constrained setting:
capitalizing on nursing resources in Botswana
- K Miles et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.06.033076

Reducing vector-borne disease by empowering farmers in integrated vector
management
- Henk van den Berg et al.
doi: 10.2471/BLT.06.035600

PERSPECTIVES
Effectiveness of global health partnerships: will the past repeat
itself?
- Nicolaus Lorenz
doi: 10.2471/BLT.06.033597


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