e-drug
[Top] [All Lists]

[e-drug] NYT-mention of action plan on health

E-drug: NYT-mention of action plan on health
-------------------------------------------------------------------------

<snip>

The leaders also approved an action plan on health to help
developing nations overcome shortages of essential medications.
France had proposed a draft version that included measures like
ensuring greater access to generic drugs in developing countries,
improving access to branded drugs through differential pricing and
stimulating local production and technology transfer. But most of
these measures were expunged from the final version at the
insistence of the United States, which saw them as a menace to
intellectual property rights in pharmaceuticals.

<snip>

June 3, 2003
G-8 Leaders Talk Tough on Spread of Nuclear Arms
By John Tagliabue and Elisabeth Bumiller

Évian-les-Bains, France, June 2 - President Bush and leaders of the
major industrialized countries today called nuclear proliferation "the
pre-eminent threat to international security" and suggested that force
could in some circumstances be used to meet the threat.

At the conclusion of a meeting of the Group of 8 leading industrial
democracies, the leaders urged North Korea and Iran to curb their
nuclear programs, saying they would not "ignore the proliferation
implications of Iran's nuclear program."

The leaders said they had at their disposal a range of tools, like
inspections and export controls, to deal with the threat of proliferation.
In a clear reference to force, they added that they could employ, "if
necessary, other means in accordance with international law."

The United States has accused Iran of developing nuclear weapons
under the cover of its civilian nuclear program, and there has been
speculation that it could become the next target of the Bush
administration. But today, according to Prime Minister Silvio
Berlusconi of Italy, Mr. Bush said he had no intention of attacking
Iran.

"Bush made a clear statement that the idea of an armed operation by
American forces in Iran is completely without foundation," Mr.
Berlusconi said. He did not say whether Mr. Bush had addressed the
use of force against North Korea. In the past, the White House has
insisted that the North Korea issue will be resolved diplomatically.

The leaders called on North Korea "to visibly, verifiably and
irreversibly dismantle any nuclear weapons programs."

Mr. Bush left the summit meeting this afternoon, but not before telling
his fellow leaders that he expected the American economy to achieve
growth of 2.9 percent in the second half of this year, according to
Alfred Tacke, a senior aide to Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of
Germany.

The meeting provided the first opportunity for the deep trans-Atlantic
rifts caused by the Iraq war to be addressed in person by the leaders
involved. The summit leaders' statement avoided any reference to
Iraq.

Mr. Bush and President Jacques Chirac of France had a cheerful
photo session on a terrace overlooking Lake Geneva before a
25-minute private meeting, their first since the Iraq war divided them.
"We can have disagreements," Mr. Bush said, "but it doesn't mean
we have to be disagreeable to each other."

Mr. Bush, who had implicitly reprimanded the French as recently as
the weekend for the divisions in the Atlantic alliance, seemed to go
out of his way to flatter Mr. Chirac. He was particularly solicitous of
his advice on the peace talks that the American president will hold
with Israeli, Palestinian and other Arab leaders in Egypt and Jordan
this week.

"I'm going to meet with Jacques here in a little bit and ask his advice
on the Middle East," Mr. Bush said. "He's a man who knows a lot
about the Middle East, he has got good judgment about the Middle
East, and we will spend some time discussing that."

Mr. Chirac later said it was "possible and probable" that he would
travel to the United States before the opening of the United Nations
General Assembly in the fall, and that he would then meet Mr. Bush
again.

Turning to the world economy, the leaders said the conditions were in
place for a revival of economic growth. But they continued to differ on
the best means to accelerate the process, with Mr. Bush stressing the
value of his new $350 billion of federal tax cuts as an effective
remedy, while leaders from Europe and Japan stressed the long-term
changes to the structure of their economies now under way.

Mr. Tacke said Mr. Bush had "confirmed that a policy of a strong
dollar remains." The president's recent remarks in support of a strong
dollar have caused it to stem a months-long slide against the euro.

Mr. Chirac, at a news conference, cited the dissipation of
uncertainties following the conclusion of the Iraq war, stable oil prices
and low interest rates as among the grounds given by the leaders for
their optimism.

Clearly, though, the focus of the meetings was on nuclear weapons
proliferation, against the backdrop of the continuing efforts to thwart
international terrorism. A senior Bush administration official said the
tough language on Iran's and North Korea's nuclear programs was
made possible by support from France, Germany and Russia, the
nations that had been less than supportive on the war in Iraq. "What's
key is that the only two countries named are North Korea and Iran
and that the language is very strong," the official said, adding that it
was the Russians who suggested that the communiqué declare that
North Korean behavior was undermining agreements curbing nuclear
arms.

The statement on Iran, the official said, clears the way for the
International Atomic Energy Agency to deal with Iran on June 16.
"Iran's going to be on the griddle," the official said. "This statement
confirms it."

Iran's president, Mohammed Khatami, responding to the growing
world attention to his country's nuclear program, said today in Tehran
that the Islamic republic had no plans to develop nuclear weapons.
He noted that Iran was one of the first nations in the Middle East to
propose that the region become a zone free of nuclear weapons.

"All of Iran's nuclear activity is under the inspection of the
International Atomic Energy Agency, and we have no intention of
obtaining nuclear arms," Mr. Khatami said at a diplomatic reception.
"Don't use this as a pretext to pressure and threaten Iran."

A senior administration official in Évian, asked whether Mr. Bush had
told the leaders that the United States would not invade Iran, as Mr.
Berlusconi said, replied: "I actually don't recall that conversation per
se. Iran was talked about in the context of proliferation. He may have
said, as I recall, something that that kind of speculation was not
warranted."

Most of the G-8 leaders were set to meet one last time on Tuesday
morning to summarize the results of their meetings, but with the
departure of Mr. Bush, much of the wind had gone out of the
meeting's sails. And the bulk of the work has been completed.

On the economy, the leaders discussed trade issues, including the
latest the Doha round of trade negotiations, where they are seeking
to narrow their differences before a crucial meeting in Mexico, in
September. But a French official said that they had only "agreed to be
in agreement," and that low-ranking officials would be delegated to
resolve remaining differences.

The leaders also approved an action plan on health to help
developing nations overcome shortages of essential medications.
France had proposed a draft version that included measures like
ensuring greater access to generic drugs in developing countries,
improving access to branded drugs through differential pricing and
stimulating local production and technology transfer. But most of
these measures were expunged from the final version at the
insistence of the United States, which saw them as a menace to
intellectual property rights in pharmaceuticals.
--
To send a message to E-Drug, write to: e-drug@healthnet.org
To subscribe or unsubscribe, write to: majordomo@healthnet.org
in the body of the message type: subscribe e-drug OR unsubscribe e-drug
To contact a person, send a message to: e-drug-help@healthnet.org
Information and archives: http://www.essentialdrugs.org/edrug

<Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread>
  • [e-drug] NYT-mention of action plan on health, Ingrid Cox <=