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[afro-nets] Policy briefs: Urgent action necessary to safeguard drug treatments

Cross posted from: EQUIDAD@listserv.paho.org

Urgent action necessary to safeguard drug treatments
World Health Day 2011: policy briefs
World Health Organization- http://bit.ly/hl6rFO

Policy Package to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance

���Today, WHO is publishing a policy package that sets out the measures 
governments and their national partners need to combat drug resistance. The 
policy steps recommended by WHO include:
�         develop and implement a comprehensive, financed national plan
�         strengthen surveillance and laboratory capacity
�         ensure uninterrupted access to essential medicines of assured quality
�         regulate and promote rational use of medicines
�         enhance infection prevention and control
�         foster innovation and research and development for new tools.

The discovery and use of antimicrobial drugs to treat diseases such as leprosy, 
tuberculosis, gonorrhea and syphilis changed the course of medical and human 
history. Now, those discoveries and the generations of drugs that followed them 
are at risk, as high levels of drug resistance threaten their effectiveness.

Drug resistance is a natural biological phenomenon, through which 
microorganisms acquire resistance to the drugs meant to kill them. With each 
new generation, the microorganism carrying the resistant gene becomes ever more 
dominant until the drug is completely ineffective. Inappropriate use of 
infection-fighting drugs (underuse, overuse or misuse) causes resistance to 
emerge faster�.� [Press release 6 April 2011 | Geneva]

Policy Briefs:

�         1. Commit to a comprehensive, financed national plan with 
accountability and civil Society engagement 
<http://www.who.int/entity/world-health-day/2011/presskit/whd2011_fs1_natplan.pdf>

�         2. Strengthen surveillance and laboratory capacity 
<http://www.who.int/entity/world-health-day/2011/presskit/whd2011_fs2_labcapa.pdf>

�         3. Ensure uninterrupted access to essential medicines of assured 
Quality 
<http://www.who.int/entity/world-health-day/2011/presskit/whd2011_fs3_essmed.pdf>

�         4. Regulate and promote rational use of medicines, including in 
animal husbandry, and ensure proper patient care 
<http://www.who.int/entity/world-health-day/2011/presskit/whd2011_fs4_animal.pdf>
�         Reduce use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals 
<http://www.who.int/entity/world-health-day/2011/presskit/whd2011_fs4d_subanimal.pdf>

�         5. Enhance infection prevention and control 
<http://www.who.int/entity/world-health-day/2011/presskit/whd2011_fs5_prevcontr.pdf>

--
Ruggiero, Mrs. Ana Lucia (WDC) 
mailto:ruglucia@paho.org
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