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[afro-nets] WHO Report: Public health, innovation and intellectual property

Cross posted from : EQUIDAD@listserv.paho.org

*Public health, innovation and intellectual property

*WHO Report of the Expert Working Group on Research and Development Financing*

*December 23rd, 2009

Available online PDF [19p.] at:
http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/EB126/B126_6Add1-en.pdf

“……..There is persistent and growing concern that the benefits of the advances 
in health technology are not reaching the poor. The emphasis of the developed 
world is naturally on the solution of the problems that affect it 
predominantly. This is in spite of the evidence of the heavy burden of disease 
on the poor, which in addition to being one of the more egregious 
manifestations of inequity, could undoubtedly affect overall global stability.

There is convincing evidence of the poor bearing a double burden of disease, 
but there is still no indication of adequate research and development to 
address the Type II and III diseases.1 This growing focus on the diseases of 
the poor has led to examination of the relationship between intellectual 
property rights,2 innovation and public health, and the gap in the innovation 
cycle with the concern that the commercial incentives provided by intellectual 
property rights have not resulted in sufficient improvements in public health 
in developing countries or to access to the benefits of innovations that take 
place in the developed world…..”

1 Type 1 diseases are incident in both rich and poor countries with large 
numbers of vulnerable populations in each.

Type II diseases are incident in both rich and poor countries but with a 
substantial proportion of the cases in poor countries.

Type III diseases are those that are overwhelmingly or exclusively incident in 
developing countries.

--
Ruggiero, Mrs. Ana Lucia (WDC) 
mailto:ruglucia@paho.org

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