The Drum Beat - 100 - Global Forces - The Challenges & Opportunities
from The Communication Initiative...GLOBAL FORCES...local
choices...critical voices...telling stories...
Partners: The Rockefeller Foundation, BBC World Service, The CHANGE
Project, CIDA, The European Union, Exchange, Johns Hopkins University
Center for Communication Programs, The Panos Institute, Soul City,
The Synergy Project, UNAIDS, UNICEF, USAID, WHO.
Chair of Partners Group: Denise Gray-Felder, Rockefeller Foundation
Director: Warren Feek
To celebrate the centennial issue of The Drum Beat, we wish to re-
flect on why we - everyone involved across the spectrum of develop-
ment, from the community gatherings of people concerned about their
lives and those of their family, friends and neighbours to the meet-
ing rooms of governments, Foundations and the UN - are engaged in
this work. There are many global forces that both shape our actions
and condition our concerns. The information communication revolution
- both the opportunities it has opened and the inequities it has com-
pounded. The social movements - such as Jubilee 2000 on debt reduc-
tion and People Living With AIDS on access to treatment and care with
their successful communication strategies. The resurgence of culture
and language - with a desire to communicate and act in local situa-
tions according to local contexts. These and others are powerful
The data and trends related to people and their lives is also a pow-
erful global force. This Drum Beat will focus on that data. You can
find more at <http://www.comminit.com/base_line.html> - search for
issues of interest to you. We hope that this data will support you in
the following ways. To reflect on the core issues you are addressing.
To use as advocacy information when arguing your case. To engage in
debate and dialogue on the strategies you are pursuing. These are our
1. Average per capita Gross Domestic Product in sub-Saharan Africa
fell by 1% in 1998/1999.
2. World growth will slow this year  to 3.2%, down from 4.8% in
3. 1/3 of the world's workforce of 3 billion people are unemployed or
underemployed. 500 million employed workers are unable to keep their
family incomes above US$ 1 per day.
4. Proportion of people living on less than US$ 1 per day is 1.2 bil-
lion of a total population of 5.9 billion (about 20%).
5. Global trafficking in humans generates 8 billion US$ per year.
6. Nicaragua: Poor women have more than 6 children, rich women have
less than 2.
7. 70% of the 1.2 billion people living in poverty are female: On av-
erage, women are paid 30-40% less than men for comparable work.
8. In 20 developing countries, under-5 mortality was found to be
greatest among women with no education, and in rural agricultural
9. Women in the media 2000: 41% of news presenters; 56% of TV pre-
senters; 28% of radio presenters; 26% of newspaper reporters.
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10. 2.4 billion live without basic sanitation. 2 million, mostly
children, die each yr of diarrhoeal disease. 1 million die of malaria
11. Pesticide exposures in Central Sudan are linked to 22% of
12. 50% of disease-related deaths among infants could be avoided if
infant malnutrition was eradicated.
13. Tobacco: In 2020, deaths from tobacco use will surpass mortality
from any single disease, including HIV: By the mid 2020s, it is
predicted that only about 15% of the world's smokers will live in
14. Tuberculosis: 8.4 million new TB cases occur every yr (20% of
these are in Africa); Only 20-25% of all TB patients worldwide have
access to effective diagnosis and treatment.
15. Routine Immunization levels have fallen in Nigeria from 80% in
1990 to 27% in 1998, in Togo from 100% to 54%, in the Indian state of
Uttar Pradesh from 90% to 30%.
16. 5.3 million people worldwide were newly infected with HIV in
2000. 36.1 million people now live with HIV or AIDS. 21.8 million
people have died from AIDS since the epidemic began.
17. 55% of infected adults in sub-Saharan Africa are women.
18. Over 13 million children have been orphaned due to AIDS.
19. Of the 36 million people living with HIV/AIDS (PWHA), more than
11 million are aged 15 to 24.
20. 1/3 of all PWHA worldwide are co-infected with Mycobacterium
tuberculosis (the germ that causes TB).
21. South Asia is nearly self-sufficient in food but 294 million
people still go hungry.
22. Women produce 60 to 80% of the food in most developing countries
and this percentage is growing: Women farmers receive only 5% of
agricultural extension services offered worldwide.
23. AIDS has killed 7 million agricultural workers since 1985 and
will kill an estimated further 16 million by 2020.
24. 4% of the Amazon rainforest was destroyed between 1500 and the
1970's; 75 to 95% will be destroyed over the next 20 years.
25. Cities occupy 2% of the world landmass, contain 50% of its
population, consume 75% of its resources, and produce 75% of its
26. In 1996, one US citizen was responsible for producing as much
greenhouse gas as 19 Indians, 30 Pakistanis, or 269 Nepalese.
27. Air pollution in the Ukraine has been linked to 21% of all
illnesses affecting women and children.
28. 20% of primary school aged children in developing countries are
not in school.
29. 113 million children were out of school in 1998: South Asia &
Sub-Saharan Africa account for 46 million each or about 81% of this
30. Gender equality in secondary school enrollment by country as of
1999: 11% have achieved gender equality; 51% have a lower enrollment
ratio for girls than boys; 38% have a lower enrollment for boys than
girls; level of girls' enrollment declined in 30 countries.
31. % of married women using contraception: South Asia - 1993 - 41,
2000 - 51; Sub-Saharan Africa - 1993 - 15, 2000 - 26; East Asia & the
Pacific - 1993 - 73, 2000 - 76; continues for all regions.
32. 2000: 80 million unwanted pregnancies; 20 million unsafe
abortions; 500,000 maternal deaths (99% in developing countries).
33. Births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19 (1998): South Asia - 116;
Sub-Saharan Africa - 132; East Asia & Pacific - 26; Middle East &
North Africa - 51; Europe & Central Asia - 39; Latin America & the
Caribbean - 74.
34. Women's share in seats in parliament: 8 countries have a level of
30% or more; 17 countries have seen increases in share but all
regions have seen some countries fall back.
35. 90% of all Internet users are in industrialized countries:
Internet users in Africa & the Middle East together account for only
1% of global Internet users.
36. 70.7% of South African households are within 15 minutes walk of a
37. 40% of people in developing countries have never made a phone
New data is added to Base Line weekly. Check both the Home Page
http://www.comminit.com & http://www.comminit.com/base_line.html
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