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AFRO-NETS> The Drum Beat - 100 - Global Forces - The Challenges & Opportunities



The Drum Beat - 100 - Global Forces - The Challenges & Opportunities
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from The Communication Initiative...GLOBAL FORCES...local 
choices...critical voices...telling stories... 

Partners: The Rockefeller Foundation, BBC World Service, The CHANGE 
Project, CIDA, The European Union, Exchange, Johns Hopkins University 
Center for Communication Programs, The Panos Institute, Soul City, 
The Synergy Project, UNAIDS, UNICEF, USAID, WHO.

Chair of Partners Group: Denise Gray-Felder, Rockefeller Foundation 
mailto:dgray-felder@rockfound.org

Director: Warren Feek
mailto:wfeek@coastnet.com
http://www.comminit.com

***

To celebrate the centennial issue of The Drum Beat, we wish to re-
flect on why we - everyone involved across the spectrum of develop-
ment, from the community gatherings of people concerned about their 
lives and those of their family, friends and neighbours to the meet-
ing rooms of governments, Foundations and the UN - are engaged in 
this work. There are many global forces that both shape our actions 
and condition our concerns. The information communication revolution 
- both the opportunities it has opened and the inequities it has com-
pounded. The social movements - such as Jubilee 2000 on debt reduc-
tion and People Living With AIDS on access to treatment and care with 
their successful communication strategies. The resurgence of culture 
and language - with a desire to communicate and act in local situa-
tions according to local contexts. These and others are powerful 
global forces.

The data and trends related to people and their lives is also a pow-
erful global force. This Drum Beat will focus on that data. You can 
find more at <http://www.comminit.com/base_line.html> - search for 
issues of interest to you. We hope that this data will support you in 
the following ways. To reflect on the core issues you are addressing. 
To use as advocacy information when arguing your case. To engage in 
debate and dialogue on the strategies you are pursuing. These are our 
Base Line.

***

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

1. Average per capita Gross Domestic Product in sub-Saharan Africa 
fell by 1% in 1998/1999. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-664.html

2. World growth will slow this year [2001] to 3.2%, down from 4.8% in 
2000. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1701.html

3. 1/3 of the world's workforce of 3 billion people are unemployed or 
underemployed. 500 million employed workers are unable to keep their 
family incomes above US$ 1 per day. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-421.html

4. Proportion of people living on less than US$ 1 per day is 1.2 bil-
lion of a total population of 5.9 billion (about 20%).
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1360.html

5. Global trafficking in humans generates 8 billion US$ per year. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-170.html

6. Nicaragua: Poor women have more than 6 children, rich women have 
less than 2. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-28.html


GENDER

7. 70% of the 1.2 billion people living in poverty are female: On av-
erage, women are paid 30-40% less than men for comparable work. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-36.html

8. In 20 developing countries, under-5 mortality was found to be 
greatest among women with no education, and in rural agricultural 
communities. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-36.html

9. Women in the media 2000: 41% of news presenters; 56% of TV pre-
senters; 28% of radio presenters; 26% of newspaper reporters. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1546.html

***

Usted, que es una persona inquieta y atenta a las cosas nuevas, 
seguramente ya abrió http://www.comminit.com/la - La Iniciativa 
de Comunicación. Nos encantaría conocer su opinión.

E-mail: Adelaida Trujillo <atrujillo@comminit.com>

***

HEALTH

10. 2.4 billion live without basic sanitation. 2 million, mostly 
children, die each yr of diarrhoeal disease. 1 million die of malaria 
each year. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-445.html

11. Pesticide exposures in Central Sudan are linked to 22% of 
hospital stillbirths. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-315.html

12. 50% of disease-related deaths among infants could be avoided if 
infant malnutrition was eradicated. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1746.html

13. Tobacco: In 2020, deaths from tobacco use will surpass mortality 
from any single disease, including HIV: By the mid 2020s, it is 
predicted that only about 15% of the world's smokers will live in 
developed countries. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1617.html 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-25.html

14. Tuberculosis: 8.4 million new TB cases occur every yr (20% of 
these are in Africa); Only 20-25% of all TB patients worldwide have 
access to effective diagnosis and treatment. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1672.html 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-32.html

15. Routine Immunization levels have fallen in Nigeria from 80% in 
1990 to 27% in 1998, in Togo from 100% to 54%, in the Indian state of 
Uttar Pradesh from 90% to 30%. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-27.html


HIV/AIDS

16. 5.3 million people worldwide were newly infected with HIV in 
2000. 36.1 million people now live with HIV or AIDS. 21.8 million 
people have died from AIDS since the epidemic began. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-31.html

17. 55% of infected adults in sub-Saharan Africa are women. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-657.html

18. Over 13 million children have been orphaned due to AIDS. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-32.html

19. Of the 36 million people living with HIV/AIDS (PWHA), more than 
11 million are aged 15 to 24. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-32.html

20. 1/3 of all PWHA worldwide are co-infected with Mycobacterium 
tuberculosis (the germ that causes TB). 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-32.html


AGRICULTURE/RURAL DEVELOPMENT

21. South Asia is nearly self-sufficient in food but 294 million 
people still go hungry. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1746.html

22. Women produce 60 to 80% of the food in most developing countries 
and this percentage is growing: Women farmers receive only 5% of 
agricultural extension services offered worldwide. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-818.html

23. AIDS has killed 7 million agricultural workers since 1985 and 
will kill an estimated further 16 million by 2020. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-33.html


ENVIRONMENT

24. 4% of the Amazon rainforest was destroyed between 1500 and the 
1970's; 75 to 95% will be destroyed over the next 20 years. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-169.html

25. Cities occupy 2% of the world landmass, contain 50% of its 
population, consume 75% of its resources, and produce 75% of its 
waste. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-49.html

26. In 1996, one US citizen was responsible for producing as much 
greenhouse gas as 19 Indians, 30 Pakistanis, or 269 Nepalese. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-21.html

27. Air pollution in the Ukraine has been linked to 21% of all 
illnesses affecting women and children. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-315.html


EDUCATION

28. 20% of primary school aged children in developing countries are 
not in school. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-171.html

29. 113 million children were out of school in 1998: South Asia & 
Sub-Saharan Africa account for 46 million each or about 81% of this 
number. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1392.html

30. Gender equality in secondary school enrollment by country as of 
1999: 11% have achieved gender equality; 51% have a lower enrollment 
ratio for girls than boys; 38% have a lower enrollment for boys than 
girls; level of girls' enrollment declined in 30 countries. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-789.html


REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

31. % of married women using contraception: South Asia - 1993 - 41, 
2000 - 51; Sub-Saharan Africa - 1993 - 15, 2000 - 26; East Asia & the 
Pacific - 1993 - 73, 2000 - 76; continues for all regions. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1518.html

32. 2000: 80 million unwanted pregnancies; 20 million unsafe 
abortions; 500,000 maternal deaths (99% in developing countries). 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-24.html

33. Births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19 (1998): South Asia - 116; 
Sub-Saharan Africa - 132; East Asia & Pacific - 26; Middle East & 
North Africa - 51; Europe & Central Asia - 39; Latin America & the 
Caribbean - 74. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-1518.html


POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT

34. Women's share in seats in parliament: 8 countries have a level of 
30% or more; 17 countries have seen increases in share but all 
regions have seen some countries fall back. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-789.html


COMMUNICATIONS

35. 90% of all Internet users are in industrialized countries: 
Internet users in Africa & the Middle East together account for only 
1% of global Internet users. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-421.html

36. 70.7% of South African households are within 15 minutes walk of a 
phone. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-236.html

37. 40% of people in developing countries have never made a phone 
call. 
http://www.comminit.com/BaseLineArchives/sld-616.html

***

New data is added to Base Line weekly. Check both the Home Page 
http://www.comminit.com & http://www.comminit.com/base_line.html

***

The Drum Beat seeks to cover the full range of communication for 
development activities. Inclusion of an item does not imply 
endorsement or support by The Partners. 

Please send material for The Drum Beat to 
The Editor
Deborah Heimann 
mailto:dheimann@comminit.com

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